Q&A: 15 Years After An OCR Suit: NC State’s Accessibility Refresh
15 years after entering into a voluntary resolution from three OCR complaints, NC State University has come a long way with their accessibility initiatives on campus.
In a webinar entitled “15 Years After An OCR Suit: NC State’s Accessibility Refresh,” Grey Reavis, IT Accessibility Coordinator at NC State University, and Rebecca Sitton, Assistive Technology Coordinator at NC State University, shared how the university has adapted to the campus-wide IT accessibility initiatives laid out 15 years ago. With a refresh in the works, Grey and Rebecca shared invaluable information on how they balance funding, faculty, students, and building awareness for greater accessibility.
Read on for some thought-provoking insight into their current operations from the audience Q&A, and watch the full webinar, 15 Years After An OCR Suit: NC State’s Accessibility Refresh.
How did you develop the faculty training? And what was the reaction among faculty? And is it mandatory?
GREY REAVIS: At NC State, there is no mandatory accessibility training for anyone. But we found the need, and so that’s part of the reason that we developed the faculty workshop series. The workshop series is based on both informal surveys that we did with faculty members on campus, along with adult learning principles, et cetera, and also just kind of figuring out what we think faculty should actually know.
There’s quite a spectrum of information when it comes to accessibility. And so what we try to do is to narrow it down to what would have the biggest impact for the time that they were learning. We do six simple ways to make things accessible, and those are platform agnostic. So if they’re in Moodle, which is our learning management system, if they’re creating a Google Doc, if they’re using Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, whatever they’re using, here are some techniques that they should always be looking at. So that’s color contrast, text, structuring with headings, et cetera.
And then we look at the other big things that we saw in terms of major issues on campus, which we see a lot with documents. There’s still a huge number of documents, especially PDFs, being distributed to students either through email or through the learning management system. And so we gave them specific training on how to make sure that their documents and PDFs, when they made them, are accessible.
And then we looked at videos. Because we find that, especially as online learning increases, that more and more folks are creating instructional videos. So we want to make sure they know how to create one upfront that has accessible things, and then be able to provide captioning and audio descriptions depending on what they need.
And so those are the big areas. That doesn’t mean we hit everything. But we’re trying to hit the things that faculty are more likely to be able to adopt, especially since they don’t necessarily have design background, and distribute that.
So far, it’s been received pretty well. We asked them at the end to create a specific project they’re going to work on, like maybe they’re going to make their syllabus accessible, or they’re going to create a new introduction video that has the accessible techniques in it. And it seems like taking those bite-sized chunks makes it easier for them. And we’ve gotten a pretty good response based on that.
If you have a learning management system (LMS) with online courses, how do you train your online faculty to ensure that the courses are accessible for both blind and deaf users? Do the faculty build their own content? And if they do, are they required to have accessibility issues taken care of?
GREY REAVIS: When it comes to online classes, ultimately, faculty are responsible for creating their materials. And oftentimes, they’ll work in conjunction with DELTA, our online learning group. DELTA sometimes provides training, and then the accessibility office also provides training for faculty. Ultimately, it’s their responsibility. And we try to provide them both training and resources to make that accessible.
REBECCA SITTON: We have the trainings for faculty. We’ve done checklists that we’ve put out there for faculty to use when they’re creating their courses to use as a guideline. We also have set up a captioning grant so that as they are looking for content, if it’s not captioned, we’ve provided pretty good instructions and way to get funding for that through our grant. It’s a process.
There have been courses that have been online for several years that haven’t been checked. So we are occasionally coming up against materials that we need to convert. I’d love to live in an ideal world, where every course and every page that’s up inside of a course management system or learning management system is accessible. But I think we have a responsiveness and a plan that we all work together.
And that’s where those key strategic partnerships come into play. I communicate as the person in disability services that has some general awareness as to who’s enrolled in courses, a method to let our online learning system know really which courses to check really well early before the semester even starts.
So I think between our education that we’re doing to faculty and our checklist and our communication, our grant provision, those are some things that you may look at doing your own university to help you out.
In terms of accessibility, design, and techniques, how long did it take the faculty and staff to adopt to these changes?
GREY REAVIS: Because the accessibility coordinator position is located with information technology, which is primarily a staff-focusing group, a lot of the initial work was working with developers in particular, looking at both websites and enterprise software that they were developing, and distributing across the university. And so there was a lot of work with that.
“ It takes time, but like Grey said, adoption comes pretty quickly once they’re made aware. I think faculty are really good about wanting to do it right.”
NC State University
Now that IT is spread across the university, what we’re seeing is that we need to work more closely with faculty, make sure they have the key skills and knowledge to develop content and select content that is accessible. Instructors are not out there purposely not designing things that are not accessible. So we have to be able to provide them with enterprise tools and with guidelines so that they can do the right thing.
But we are a very distributed campus with over 10,000 staff and faculty members. So yeah, it takes time, but it works.
REBECCA SITTON: It takes time, but like Grey said, adoption comes pretty quickly once they’re made aware. I think faculty are really good about wanting to do it right. But again, we come from a technical world here, Grey and I. Our humanities faculty may not be as used to using technology. And so once you point out or you help them, they tend to get it pretty quickly and develop their materials and responsiveness pretty well.
Have you set up a process for dealing with purchasing exceptions?
GREY REAVIS: With our purchasing process, since we just started out, our big focus is on purchases over $1,000 and purchases that are used by larger groups on campus, let’s say. And what we’re now working on are conditions of approval.
Let’s say, for instance, we’re working with a piece of software where the interface is accessible but there are certain features that are not. So we’re working on a process of defining what those conditions are and having the purchasers– the people in charge of whatever the purchase is– create an equally effective alternative access plan, so they know what they’re going to be expected to do before it’s ever an issue.
And in that way, we’re hoping to encourage folks to more and more begin to have conversations on their own with vendors, rather than waiting for it to get to the accessibility office and us starting the conversation. We do expect that to take more time to do that. But that’s kind of the goal.
How is the captioning grant funded? And what was the process to acquire the grant?
GREY REAVIS: So the captioning grant is funded through Education Technology Funds (ETF). They’re basically fees that every student pays. And it’s tuition and fees, so part of that falls into there. And so we were able to acquire $60,000 a year for captioning. And depending on your role at the university, when I say $60,000, that may sound like a lot, or it may not sound like a lot.
But what we’ve been able to do is to use that to both fund some captioning that’s been requested by students and some that’s proactive. Our goal is to get as much proactive captioning as possible, especially for high impact classes.
There is a committee for ETF funds. And based on research that happened, it was clear that the best way to get funding for captioning or any other types of things in that way was to go through this committee and justify it. And that’s basically how it happened.
It’s really that the previous coordinator that secured the grant knew some of these key stakeholders and was able to make connections with them and to get buy-in from those folks in order to secure the funding.
REBECCA SITTON: And I’d also add that we’ve done a pretty good job at creating vendorships and getting standard rates for the university. So we’ve already worked through the vendorship and the partnerships so that we have a list of vendors that departments can go through to get their videos captioned. It’s a pretty easy process.
Do faculty have to apply to get videos captioned proactively? Is there a prioritization process?
GREY REAVIS: If they want to work through the captioning grant, they do have to apply. And there are certain criteria that we look at. So let’s say we get 25 faculty members requesting proactive captioning over the summer. We’re going to give that to as many courses that we can.
But when we have too many requests for funding, we tend to look at the type of class it is. So is this a gateway class, a class that everyone’s required to take? How many students are in it? Are these videos that have been created intentionally based on good instructional design techniques that are intended to be used for the next couple of semesters? Or are these things that are just recorded in the classroom without editing?
And it’s basically looking at instructional intent, quality of the videos, and then impact it’s likely to have on students when it comes to priority. We want to give it to everyone, but sometimes we do run out of funding. So they do have to apply and let us know those facts.
17 years after this OCR complaint, what would you say is your biggest accessibility challenge today?
“ I think that the biggest challenge right now is staying abreast of all the information and the resources that are available to faculty. ”
NC State University
GREY REAVIS: Well, I think that the area that I think is really interesting to try to focus more on was looking at more of the new emerging instructional technology, especially the ones that instructors are able to select and use on their own. I’m an instructor, let’s say, in my English class. And I’m like, ooh, I found this really cool thing. And I can accept and use it without having to pay for it or talk to anyone about it, and really kind of making sure that we’re supporting faculty members in that selection, so they know what to look for.
REBECCA SITTON: And that’s kind of my opinion as well. When I’m working with students and getting prepared for each semester, and we’re working with faculty, I am still amazed at the new publishers’ materials, their interactive websites, their supplementals. And so again, I think that the biggest challenge right now is staying abreast of all the information and the resources that are available to faculty.
The public-facing websites I don’t really concern myself with. Web design is pretty well taken care of on campus. And our content creators, I think, are covered and being trained to create accessible design. But I think the biggest barrier that I see in how we’re going to have to adjust and figure out a way is course content for students, given new polling software that comes out, again, all kinds of interactive Chrome extensions.
Watch the full webinar below!More: a11y, Accessibility Act, accessibility law, accessible video, campus-wide IT, captioning, federal law, legislation, NC State, NC State University, OCR, Online Video, Rehabilitation Act, Section 508, state accessibility law, state law, state universities, transcripts, video captions, W3C, WCAG, web accessibility