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Subtitles with Blu-ray

How to Make Blu-ray Accessible with Subtitles for the Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing (SDH)

Blu-ray is a disc media that is capable of storing HD video, essentially superseding the DVD. Blu-ray does not support closed captions; it does, however, support subtitles. Subtitles for the deaf and hard-of-hearing (SDH) are subtitle files in the source language of the video that also include important non-dialogue audio sound effects and speaker identification. This makes closed captions and SDH identical in many ways: the main difference is that they are encoded differently, and most HD disc media (including Blu-ray) cannot hold closed caption files. Note that any disc playing through an HDMI connection will not support closed captions, either. For these reasons, SDH are included on Blu-ray and other HD disc media (like HD DVDs) to make video content accessible. A common way to add SDH to Blu-ray is by creating the file format BDN.xml, along with .png (image) files.

While accessibility for the deaf and hard-of-hearing is an important benefit of SDH for Blu-ray, SDH makes video content accessible in a number of other ways as well. The BBC published a study by Ofcom that showed that 80% of people who use captions are not deaf or hard of hearing. The same goes for SDH.

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