Closed Captioning Best Practices and Legal Requirements for Digital Distribution of TV & Film
New FCC regulations require video programming that is captioned on TV to also be captioned when distributed on the Internet. In this webinar, Netflix and Entertainment Merchants Association (EMA) discuss the new legal requirements, best practices, and standards for closed captioning.
New FCC regulations require video programming that is captioned on TV to also be captioned when distributed on the Internet. In this webinar, Netflix and Entertainment Merchants Association discuss the new and upcoming legal requirements, best practices, and standards for closed captioning entertainment and media content. The topics covered are:
- FCC regulations for TV and film content distributed on the Internet
- Which entities and types of programming are affected? Which are exempt?
- How to petition for an exemption?
- Standards for captioning and subtitling
- FCC’s guidance on caption quality, video clips, and end-user control
- Best practices for caption formats, certifications, frame rate, styling, and onscreen placement
Video Engineer | Netflix
VP, Public Affairs | Entertainment Merchants Assoc.
Josh Miller (Moderator)
Co-Founder | 3Play Media
Operations Manager | 3Play Media
Tole Khesin (Moderator)
VP, Marketing | 3Play Media
Webinar Insight: Netflix and the Entertainment Merchants Association: Standards for Captioning the Digital Distribution of TV and Film
With so many legal updates to closed captioning laws over the past few months, it was important to have a forum about the new rules and standards. Each panelist’s specialty in the field of captioning added a new perspective, allowing viewers to gain a very holistic view of the process.
Best Practices for Closed Captioning, Straight from the Experts
To get everyone on the same page, Josh Miller began the webinar with a discussion of captioning terminology and different caption formats, then delved into the benefits of adding captions to your content. The majority of his presentation was spent on legal updates – and there were a lot of them! The most recent update – and one of the reasons this webinar was so timely – is that the latest deadline of the CVAA (21st Century Video Accessibility Act) was phased in on March 30th, which requires all content that aired on TV with captions must also be captioned within 45 days of going online. He also discussed the FCC’s recent declaratory ruling on caption quality, the FCC’s mandate on user control guidelines, recent ADA case law, and the FCC’s 13 exemptions for closed captioning.
Sean Bersell took over from Josh to discuss the best practices proposed by the EMA Closed Captions Working Group. He focused on caption certification and exceptions, and then dove into the standards established for caption formats and frame rates. For another angle on captioning practices, Claudia Rocha came in to explain the standards for transcription and captioning. She discussed the best practices involved in the actual act of transcribing content, including spelling, sound effects, grammar, and speaker identification, and then focused on caption standards, including length/duration, fonts, and placement. Dae Kim from Netflix gave a technical perspective on the best practices for file formats. He touched on the technical standards preferred for caption delivery, encoding, styling, and onscreen placement, agreeing with Claudia on the more aesthetic standards. He also talked about industry trends, including converging universal standards and how they are impacted by differences in European and American laws.
Following the session, the webinar was opened up to a hearty Q&A, allowing the panelists to discuss specifics in depth. We were thrilled with the turnout for the webinar and with the incredible forum that resulted. We’ll be putting up some more detailed posts soon delving into the topics covered, so keep an eye out for those.