Recorded Caption Encoding
You may have noticed that sometimes there’s an option to turn captions on and off, and sometimes they’re always on. Captions that are always on, are embedded into the video. Below we will cover the differences between captions that can be turned on or off and captions that are embedded, and how embedded captions are created.
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Closed Captions vs. Open Captions
Closed captions mean that the captions are output on a separate track as a “sidecar” file and added to a video player to be played in sync with the video. In this case, the captions can be turned on or off, usually by pressing the “CC” button on the video player. With open captions, the captions are burned in – or embedded – into the video, so that they are always showing.
Since open captions are part of the video itself, they provide the advantage of being supported by all video players and devices. Open captions eliminate rendering inconsistencies across different video players and allow publishers to control the exact size and style of the captions. Open captions also make it easier to create DVDs and other physical media. Open captioned video files can be imported into any NLE or DVD authoring software.
In certain cases, it is necessary to embed the captions in the video itself rather than use a separate track. This is done using caption encoders. Recorded caption encoding ensures that your captions will be viewable if you don’t have a video platform, if you want an offline option, or if you need captioned videos for kiosks. Another reason is to create a self-contained captioned video that can be distributed as a single asset. Caption-encoded videos also work across mobile devices and for social video, since many social media platforms don’t support uploading a separate caption file. In order to have your video play with captions on these platforms, you must encode them into the video.
Ordering Recorded Caption Encoding
With 3Play Media, you’ll upload your video file for captioning and transcription processing. If you already have a transcript, you can use the automated transcript alignment service. Once your file has been captioned, you can order the caption encoding service and choose the appropriate encoding profile. If you would like to order open captioning, you can do so in this step. Upon completion, you will receive an email notification and be able to download an M4V video with encoded captions.
The video will work with any player or device that supports M4V videos, including QuickTime, iPad, iPhone, iPod, iTunes, JW Player, and Flowplayer. Because the captions are soft-encoded in the video, users will be able to turn them on or off using the video player controls.
Input / Output Formats
The source video that you upload can be in almost any web format that doesn’t use a proprietary codec. When ordering caption encoding, you will have the option to select an encoding profile to optimize video playback for a certain device.
For example, the iPhone5 profile transcodes your video for a target width of 1136 pixels, 30 frames per second, and a frame rate of 3 Mb/sec. You can also use your original source video as long as the video encoding is H.264 and audio is AAC. The closed captions track will be added to the video and put in an M4V container.
Download a demo video with encoded closed captions – you’ll need to play it in a QuickTime or VLC player and make sure to enable the captions (subtitles). Please note that some versions of Windows Media Player do not support caption-encoded videos.
Note: For social media videos, you’ll need to upload your video in a format supported by the social platform (for example, Twitter takes MP4 videos). Then, order caption encoding > source with open captions.
The encoding time depends on duration and other factors. Most encoding requests are completed within 8 hours.
Caption encoding incurs a fee for each video produced. The fee is in addition to the captioning/transcription fees. See the complete pricing details.